Finally, I take a discussion on the possible relevance of existential intelligence and entheogens for education. Before turning to a broader discussion of intelligence (s), I will give some soma city earthquake status general information on ayahuasca soma city earthquake status and entheogens. Ayahuasca has been a revered master of plants, including dozens of South American indigenous peoples for centuries, if not more (Luna, 1984, Schultes and soma city earthquake status Hofmann, 1992). Ayahuasca is a soma city earthquake status Quechua word of the language of the indigenous peoples of Ecuador and Peru, and results in the vine of the soul (Metzner, 1999). Generally refers to soma city earthquake status a tea made from soma city earthquake status a jungle vine, Banisteriopsis caapi, mixed with other plants, but usually leaves a family of coffee plants, Psychotria viridis (McKenna, 1999). These two plants, respectively, dimethyltryptamine and harmala alkaloids, two substances which when ingested by mouth to create a biochemical synergy can produce profound alterations in consciousness (Grob soma city earthquake status et al, 1996;. Among the indigenous peoples of the soma city earthquake status Amazon, ayahuasca is one of the most valuable soma city earthquake status medicinal plants in their pharmacopoeiassacramental. Despite the shamans of various tribes used the tea for various purposes and soma city earthquake status have different recipes for this, the application of ayahuasca as an effective tool to reach understanding and wisdom estl'un of the most common (Brown, 1986; Dobkin Rios, 1984).
Despite soma city earthquake status the explosion of popular interest in recreational drugs during the 1960s, ayahuasca until recently managed to remain relatively unknown in the West cultureiii.
However, the 20 th century saw the growth of religious movements among non-Indians in Brazil syncretism use of ayahuasca with Christian symbolism, spirituality, African and soma city earthquake status indigenous rituals. Two of the churches of ayahuasca are the most common Santo Daime (Santo Daime, 2004) and the União do Vegetal (União do Vegetal, 2004). These organizations have in recent decades have gained legitimacy as valid, indeed precious espiritualprácticas benefits, psychological and spiritual (Grob, 1999;. Ayahuasca is not the only plant of teachers in the pantheon of entheogens tools. Other soma city earthquake status indigenous peoples of the Americas have been used for thousands of years psilocybin mushrooms for spiritual and healing (Dobkin Rios, 1973 Wasson, soma city earthquake status 1980). Similarly, the peyote cactus has a long history of use by indigenous groups in Mexico (Fikes, soma city earthquake status 1996; Myerhoff, 1974; Stewart, 1987), and is now widely used in the United soma city earthquake status States by the Native American Church (LaBarre, 1989, Smith & Snake, 1996).
Even in the early history of Western culture, the ancient Indo-Aryan texts of the Rig Veda praise the deified Soma (Pande, 1984). Although the taxonomic identity of Soma was lost, seems to soma city earthquake status have been a plant or a fungus and had the power to reliably induce mystical experiencesan entheogenic soma city earthquake status excellence (Eliade, 1978, Wasson, 1968).